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BABOK Guide3.0(5.5)Approve Requirements

BABOK Guide3.0(5.5)Approve Requirements

Purpose


The purpose of Approve Requirements is to obtain agreement on and approval of requirements and designs for business analysis work to continue and/or solution construction to proceed.


对需求的审批和认可,其实都是为了让大家达成共识。


Description


Business analysts are responsible for ensuring clear communication of requirements, designs, and other business analysis information to the key

stakeholders responsible for approving that information.


对于批准的过程可以是正式的也可以是非正式的,需要遵照第3章制定的程序文件执行。


具体来说,瀑布型的项目可能会需要客户签字认可。

而迭代型的可能需要一个邮件回复或者会议纪要即可。



Inputs


• Requirements (verified)

• Designs


Elements


Understand Stakeholder Roles


明确各个干系人的角色和职责,这个对于找合适的人确认合适的内容非常重要。


Conflict and Issue Management


对于冲突要进行管理,这个部分在程序文件中也有涉及。

主要是通过沟通和引导实现。


Gain Consensus


BA有职责促成各方干系人达成共识。

在第3章的程序文件及信息沟通中都有提到相关的内容。


Track and Communicate Approval


对审批进行记录追踪和沟通。

这个对于迭代流程尤为容易忽视。

为了快速的迭代,很多东西都是口头上确认。

即便是口头确认,也需要进行一定的记录,并且放到团队可以获取的地方,方便查看和追踪。



Guidelines and Tools


• Change Strategy

• Governance Approach

• Legal/Regulatory Information

• Requirement Management Tools/Repository

• Solution Scope



Techniques


• Acceptance and Evaluation Criteria

• Decision Analysis

• Item Tracking

• Reviews

• Workshops



Stakeholders


• Customer

• Domain Subject Matter Expert

• End User

• Operational Support

• Project Manager

• Regulator

• Sponsor

• Tester



Outputs

Requirements (approved)


requirements which are agreed to by stakeholders and are ready for use in subsequent business analysis efforts.



Designs (approved)


designs which are agreed to by stakeholders and are ready for use in subsequent business analysis or solution development efforts.


BABOK Guide3.0(5.5)Approve Requirements


写在最后:

第5章分享完了,这里想要做个小总结。

在这章里面我们看到需求有很多的STATE:traced, maintained, prioritized, approved.

抓住了这几个STATE,弄清楚其区别及关系,我觉得这章的内容也算是掌握了。



小婧是一名行走在实践路上的资深业务分析师(BA),如果想与我同行,就请关注我吧!

BABOK Guide3.0(5.5)Approve Requirements





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